AP AMERICAN GOVERNMENT
Unit 5: The Judiciary

11/6 - 11/19

UNIT 5 CONTENT MAP

Vocabulary

ACTIVIST APPROACH
ADVERSARIAL LEGAL SYSTEM
AMICUS CURIAE
BLUE SLIP
“BORK”
BRIEF
CIRCUIT COURT
CLASS ACTION SUIT
CONCURRING OPINION
COURTS OF APPEALS
CIVIL LAW
CRIMINAL LAW
COMMON LAW SYSTEM
CODE LAW SYSTEM
DISSENTING OPINION
DISTRICT COURTS
DIVERSITY CASES
FEDERAL QUESTION CASES
INQUISITORIAL SYSTEM
JUDICIAL REVIEW
LEGISLATIVE COURT
LITMUS TEST
OPINION OF THE COURT
ORIGINAL JURISDICTION
PER CURIAM OPINION
PLAINTIFF
POLITICAL QUESTION
STARE DECISIS:
PRECEDENT
REMEDY
SENATORIAL COURTESY
SOVEREIGN IMMUNITY
STANDING
STRICT CONSTRUCTIONIST
WRIT OF CERTIORARI
 
COURT CASES:
MARBURY V MADISON
McCULLUCH V MARYLAND

WEEK 13
11/6 - 11/8

LESSON

IN CLASS

HOMEWORK

Wednesday
Lesson 1

  • Debrief Unit 4 Test

Bring: Electronic Device for Chapter GRQs!

Thursday
Lesson 2

ESSENTIAL QUESTION: What are the constitutional powers and functions of the Judicial Branch?

  • Breakdown of the US Constitution
    • Article III

Assignment:  Article III GRQ

A great reference is the official US Senate Annotated Constitution linked here!

You may work in groups, but answers must be In Your Own Words.

This WILL be used for the GRQ quiz on Tuesday.

Read:  Magelby 25th,  Chapter 13 pp. 410-415 Characteristics of the Judiciary

http://www.crawfordsworld.com/rob/AP_American_Government/APG_Unit_6_Liberties_and_Rights/clip_image002.png

Friday
Lesson 3

ESSENTIAL QUESTION: What is the procedure involved in arguing a case before the Supreme Court?

Watch:  Picket Fences

Be prepared to answer a short quiz based on the questions listed during the video, and discuss the answers.

Video Questions:

  1. Using the organizational chart of the Wisconsin state court system, what would be the court of original jurisdiction in the case of People v Latham?
  2. What levels of courts would Wambaugh, Latham's attorney, have to appeal to before he got to the US Supreme Court?
  3. What procedures would Wambaugh have had to follow to get the Latham case heard by the Supreme Court?
  4. How many justices would have to agree to hear Latham's appeal?
  5. Why would the Supreme Court have agreed to hear this case
  6. What rights are Wambaugh asserting have been violated in Latham's case?
  7. How does Wambaugh relate the precedent cases to the Latham case?  How similar are they? How different?
  8. What does Justice Ginsberg mean when she asks Wambaugh if he is asking for a ruling in law or a ruling on the facts?  How does Wambaugh respond?
  9. The Wisconsin District Attorney, Littleton, asks the Supreme Court to "overturn" another case, stating that it is 'bad law'.  What does that mean?  How often does that happen?
  10. What would YOU decide in the case of Latham v Wisconsin? Why? (Remember the Doctrine of Stare Decisis!)

Assignment: Complete Picket Fences worksheet

Answers must be In Your Own Words.

This MUST be turned in BEFORE the end of class today--any assignment turned in late will be penalized 1 point.

Activity: iCivics: Arguing the Case

Work in pairs to complete three complete court cases.  Use your resources wisely to win the oral argument before the Circuit Court Judge. Consider the following questions:

Watch:  Article III for Dummies

Read Magelby 25th,  Chapter 13 pp. 416-419 Organization of the Judiciary

http://images.huffingtonpost.com/2011-03-31-judge-judge.gif

 

WEEK 14
11/11 - 11/15

LESSON

IN CLASS

HOMEWORK

Monday

VETERANS’ DAY

 

Tuesday
Lesson 4

ESSENTIAL QUESTION: What is the organizational structure and jurisdiction of the Judicial branch?

  • Organization of Federal Courts
  • Jurisdiction of Federal Courts
  • Selection of Justices

Quiz: Open GRQ quiz on Article III

Quick Notes: Unit 5 Powerpoint Part 1 The Judiciary

Read:  Magelby 25th,  Chapter 13 pp. 419-425 Judicial Selection

Wednesday
Lesson 5

ESSENTIAL QUESTION: How are Justices selected?

Watch:  West Wing: The Supremes

Be prepared to answer a short quiz based on the questions listed during the video, and discuss the answers.

Video Questions:

  • What is Toby Ziegler’s concern about Chief Justice Ashland?
  • Why does Chief Justice Ashland feel he has to stay on the Supreme Court as long as possible?
  • What is one reason that might make it difficult for the President to nominate an activist judge to the Supreme Court?
  • What THREE Litmus Test Questions might be asked of potential Justices during their interviews?
  • Based on the descriptions and arguments of Judge Baker-Lang , is she an ‘activist’ or ‘strict constructionist’?
  • How does Judge Shelton describe a ‘moderate’?
  • What are Josh Lyman’s arguments against nominating a ‘moderate’?
  • What does Lyman mean when he advocates a ‘balanced court’?
  • Based on the descriptions and arguments of Judge Mulready, is he an ‘activist’ or ‘strict constructionist’
  • What is D.O.M.A.? 
  • Why does Judge Mulready believe D.O.M.A. is unconstitutional?

Read Magelby 25th,  Chapter 13 pp. 425-430 Judicial Arguments

Makeup: Watch Democracy in American #9: The Courts and the Rule of Law and answer the assigned questions on the worksheet in complete sentences.

Answers must be In Your Own Words.

This MUST be turned in within 24 hours of your absence--any assignment turned in late will receive 50%

Thursday
Lesson 6

ESSENTIAL QUESTION: What resources are needed to bring a case to the Supreme Court?

  • Procedure of Federal Courts
  • Development of Federal Court's Power
  • Controversy over the Supreme Court

Quick Notes: Unit 5 Powerpoint Part 2 The Judiciary

Read:  Magelby 25th,  Chapter 13 pp. 430-436 Influences on Judicial Decisions  

Friday
Lesson 7

ESSENTIAL QUESTION: How do you write an effective AP American Government DBQ?

  • Review Practice Unit 5 AP Essays

Assignment: In groups, Read for the Rubric, Organize your Essays, and OUTLINE the possible ideas and conclusions which would receive credit under the COMPLETE-CORRECT-CONNECT guidelines.

You will be responsible for one of the following three essays:

  1. The judicial branch is often assumed to be insulated from politics. However, politics affects many aspects of the judiciary.

    1.  Describe two political factors that affect presidents’ decisions to appoint members of the federal judiciary.

    2. Identify two political factors that affect the confirmation process of a president’s nominees and explain how each factor complicates a confirmation.

    3. Explain how one legislative power serves as a check on court decisions.

    4. Explain how one executive power serves as a check on court decisions.

     

  2. The United States Supreme Court receives many appeals, but it hears and rules on a small percentage of cases each year. Numerous factors influence the actions of the Court, both in deciding to hear a case and in the decisions it hands down.

    1. Define judicial review.

    2. Explain how judicial review empowers the Supreme Court within the system of checks and balances.

    3. Describe the process through which the Court grants a writ of certiorari.

    4. Define and explain how each of the following influences decisions made by individual justices when deciding cases heard by the Court.

                                                           i.      Stare decisis

                                                           ii.      Judicial activism

  1. The judicial branch is designed to be more independent of public opinion than the legislature and the executive. Yet the United State Supreme Court rarely deviates too far for too long from prevailing public opinion.

    1. Identify and describe two ways in which the United State Supreme Court is insulated from public opinion.

    2.  Identify and explain how two factors work to keep the United States Supreme Court from deviating too far from prevailing public opinion.

    3. Should Congress set term limits for Supreme Court Justices?  Explain your reasoning (be specific).

Read: 

WEEK 15
11/18 - 11/19

LESSON

IN CLASS

HOMEWORK

Monday
Lesson 8

Review for Unit 4 Test

ALL TESTS ARE CUMULATIVE!

Review: Unit 1, 2, 3, 4,  and 5: Use online chapter notes, GRQs, and Textbook site practice section quizzes.

Tuesday
Lesson 9

Unit 5 Test

This test will consist of 50 multiple choice questions in 40 minutes (summative), and one 10 minute FRQ (formative) from the material and concepts in Units 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5.

The test will be counted out of 60 points.

Bring:  Pencil for Unit 5 test!