AP AMERICAN GOVERNMENT
Unit 5: The Judiciary

11/5 - 11/18

UNIT 5 CONTENT MAP

Vocabulary

ACTIVIST APPROACH
ADVERSARIAL LEGAL SYSTEM
AMICUS CURIAE
BLUE SLIP
“BORK”
BRIEF
CIRCUIT COURT
CLASS ACTION SUIT
CONCURRING OPINION
COURTS OF APPEALS
CIVIL LAW
CRIMINAL LAW
COMMON LAW SYSTEM
CODE LAW SYSTEM
DISSENTING OPINION
DISTRICT COURTS
DIVERSITY CASES
FEDERAL QUESTION CASES
INQUISITORIAL SYSTEM
JUDICIAL REVIEW
LEGISLATIVE COURT
LITMUS TEST
OPINION OF THE COURT
ORIGINAL JURISDICTION
PLAINTIFF
POLITICAL QUESTION
STARE DECISIS: PRECEDENT
REMEDY
SOVEREIGN IMMUNITY
STANDING
STRICT CONSTRUCTIONIST
WRIT OF CERTIORARI
 
COURT CASES:
MARBURY V MADISON
McCULLOCH V MARYLAND

WEEK 13
11/3 - 11/7

LESSON

IN CLASS

HOMEWORK

Wednesday
Lesson 1

  • Debrief Unit 4 Test

Bring: Electronic Device for Chapter GRQs!

Thursday
Lesson 2

ESSENTIAL QUESTION: What is the procedure involved in arguing a case before the Supreme Court?

Activity: iCivics Game

Work in pairs to complete three complete court cases.  Use your resources wisely to win the oral argument before the Circuit Court Judge. Consider the following questions:

What is the strongest form of support in an oral argument before an appeals court?

 

Quick Notes: Unit 5 Powerpoint Part 1

Watch:  Article III for Dummies

http://images.huffingtonpost.com/2011-03-31-judge-judge.gif

Friday
Lesson 3

ESSENTIAL QUESTION: What is the relationship between the President and Congress?

Watch: West Wing Shutdown

Be prepared to answer a short quiz based on the questions listed during the video, and discuss the answers.

Video Questions:

  • Where did Presidential Advisor Angela Blake learn that the Republicans will give up their Capital Gains Tax Cut if the Democrats will give up tuition subsidies? 
  • Who does Haffley say is pushing him to demand the budget cuts be raised to 3%?
  • What power would the President use to deny Haffley’s budget bill?
  • Who does Press Secretary CJ Craig say will be kept working during the shutdown?
  • What does Speaker Haffley say all the furloughed workers in his district should do? Why does Haffley say ‘Christmas came early’?
  • What does Vice President Russell tell Chief of Staff McGeary about the budget process after he volunteers to negotiate with Congress? Who does he say to blame?
  • Speaker Haffley says: “we are doing what the voters wanted us to do when they elected us.” What theory of congressional behavior is this?
  • What does Donna discover will happen to Social Security?
  • Why does this frighten Toby, and how does it fit in with your understanding of interest groups and congressional behavior?
  • Why does Josh Lyman say the President should have more say than the Speaker over the budget? Do you agree or disagree?
  • What does Josh recommend the President do to capture the initiative in the budget battle?
  • What does the Speaker say the President’s real  job is supposed to be? What does he say Congress’ is supposed to do according the Constitution?  Is he correct?
  • What power does the President say was given to him by the Constitution, and how does this relate to the budget crisis?
  • How is the Budget crisis resolved, and how similar is this to the budget crisis we just experience this past month?

 

Answers must be In Your Own Words.

This MUST be turned in BEFORE the end of class today--any assignment turned in late will be penalized 1 point.

Read Article III of the US Constitution for Monday.

Makeup: Watch Democracy in American #8: The Bureaucracy  and answer the assigned questions on the worksheet in complete sentences.

Answers must be In Your Own Words.

This MUST be turned in within 24 hours of your absence--any assignment turned in late will receive 50%.

WEEK 14
11/10 - 11/14

LESSON

IN CLASS

HOMEWORK

Monday
Lesson 4

ESSENTIAL QUESTION: What are the constitutional powers and functions of the Judicial Branch?

  • Breakdown of the US Constitution
    • Article III

 

Assignment:  GRQ Unit 5

A great reference is the official US Senate Annotated Constitution linked here!

You may work in groups, but answers must be In Your Own Words.

This WILL be used for the GRQ quiz on Tuesday.

Read Wilson 14th Chapter 16 pp. 420-424 Organization of the Judiciary

http://www.crawfordsworld.com/rob/AP_American_Government/APG_Unit_6_Liberties_and_Rights/clip_image002.png

Tuesday

VETERANS’ DAY

Wednesday
Lesson 5

ESSENTIAL QUESTION: What is the organizational structure and jurisdiction of the Judicial branch?

  • Organization of Federal Courts
  • Jurisdiction of Federal Courts

 

Quiz: Open GRQ quiz on Article III

Quick Notes: Unit 5 Powerpoint Part 1

Read Wilson 14th Chapter 16 pp. 409-415 Development of the Judiciary

Wednesday
Lesson 6

ESSENTIAL QUESTION: What resources are needed to bring a case to the Supreme Court?

  • Development of Federal Court's Power
  • Selection of Justices

 

Quick Notes: Unit 5 Powerpoint Part 2

Read:  Wilson 14th,  Chapter 16 pp. 425-432 The Court in Action

Thursday
Lesson 7

ESSENTIAL QUESTION: What is the procedure involved in arguing a case before the Supreme Court?

  • Procedure of Federal Courts
  • Controversy over the Supreme Court

 

Watch:  Picket Fences

Be prepared to answer a short quiz based on the questions listed during the video, and discuss the answers.

Video Questions:

  1. Using the organizational chart of the Wisconsin state court system, what would be the court of original jurisdiction in the case of People v Latham?
  2. What levels of courts would Wambaugh, Latham's attorney, have to appeal to before he got to the US Supreme Court?
  3. What procedures would Wambaugh have had to follow to get the Latham case heard by the Supreme Court?
  4. How many justices would have to agree to hear Latham's appeal?
  5. Why would the Supreme Court have agreed to hear this case? 
  6. What rights are Wambaugh asserting have been violated in Latham's case?
  7.  How does Wambaugh relate the precedent cases to the Latham case?  How similar are they? How different?
  8. What does Justice Ginsberg mean when she asks Wambaugh if he is asking for a ruling in law or a ruling on the facts?  How does Wambaugh respond?
  9. The Wisconsin District Attorney, Littleton, asks the Supreme Court to "overturn" another case, stating that it is 'bad law'.  What does that mean?  How often does that happen?
  10. What would YOU decide in the case of Latham v Wisconsin? Why? (Remember the Doctrine of Stare Decisis!)

Read Wilson 14th Chapter 16 pp. 416-420 Selecting Justices

Friday
Lesson 8

ESSENTIAL QUESTION: How are Justices selected?

Watch:  West Wing: The Supremes

Be prepared to answer a short quiz based on the questions listed during the video, and discuss the answers.

Video Questions:

  • What is Toby Ziegler’s concern about Chief Justice Ashland?
  • Why does Chief Justice Ashland feel he has to stay on the Supreme Court as long as possible?
  • What is one reason that might make it difficult for the President to nominate an activist judge to the Supreme Court?
  • What THREE Litmus Test Questions might be asked of potential Justices during their interviews?
  •  Based on the descriptions and arguments of Judge Baker-Lang , is she an ‘activist’ or ‘strict constructionist’?
  •  How does Judge Shelton describe a ‘moderate’?
  • What are Josh Lyman’s arguments against nominating a ‘moderate’?
  • What does Lyman mean when he advocates a ‘balanced court’?
  • Based on the descriptions and arguments of Judge Mulready, is he an ‘activist’ or ‘strict constructionist’
  • What is D.O.M.A.? 
  • Why does Judge Mulready believe D.O.M.A. is unconstitutional?

ReviewPosted Essay Questions

Makeup: Watch Democracy in American #9: The Courts and the Rule of Law and answer the assigned questions on the worksheet in complete sentences.

Answers must be In Your Own Words.

This MUST be turned in within 24 hours of your absence--any assignment turned in late will receive 50%.

WEEK 15
11/17 - 11/18

LESSON

IN CLASS

HOMEWORK

Monday
Lesson 9

Review for Unit 4 Test

Assignment: In groups, Read for the Rubric, Organize your Essays, and OUTLINE the possible ideas and conclusions which would receive credit under the COMPLETE-CORRECT-CONNECT guidelines.

You will be responsible for one of the following three essays:

1.        The judicial branch is often assumed to be insulated from politics. However, politics does affect many aspects of the judiciary.

a.        Describe two political factors that affect presidents’ decisions to appoint members of the federal judiciary.

b.        Identify two political factors that affect the confirmation process of a president’s nominees and explain how each factor complicates a confirmation.

c.        Explain how one legislative power serves as a check on court decisions.

d.        Explain how one executive power serves as a check on court decisions.

 

2.        The United States Supreme Court receives many appeals, but it hears and rules on a small percentage of cases each year. Numerous factors influence the actions of the Court, both in deciding to hear a case and in the decisions it hands down.

a.        Define judicial review.

b.        Explain how judicial review empowers the Supreme Court within the system of checks and balances.

c.        Describe the process through which the Court grants a writ of certiorari.

d.        Define and explain how each of the following influences decisions made by individual justices when deciding cases heard by the Court.

                                                   i.      Stare decisis

                                                  ii.      Judicial activism

 

3.        The judicial branch is designed to be more independent of public opinion than the legislature and the executive. Yet the United State Supreme Court rarely deviates too far for too long from prevailing public opinion.

a.        Identify and describe two ways in which the United State Supreme Court is insulated from public opinion.

b.        Identify and explain how two factors work to keep the United States Supreme Court from deviating too far from prevailing public opinion.

c.        Should Congress set term limits for Supreme Court Justices?  Explain your reasoning (be specific).

ALL TESTS ARE CUMULATIVE!

Review: Unit 1, 2, 3, 4,  and 5: Use online chapter notes, GRQs, and Textbook site practice section quizzes

Tuesday
Lesson 10

Unit 5 Test

This test will consist of 45 multiple choice questions in 35 minutes (summative), and one 10 minute FRQ (formative) from the material and concepts in Units 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5.

The test will be counted out of 60 points.

Bring:  Pencil for Unit 5 test!