Leaders of the People's Republic of China
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Leaders of the Communist Party of China
Chairman
Mao Zedong      	1935 -  1959 
Liu Shaoqi 		1959 -	1964 	(+1969)
Mao Zedong      	1965 -  1976 	(+1976)
Hua Guofeng		1976 - 	1981
Hu Yaobang		1981 - 	1987 	(+1989) 
Zhao Ziyang		1987 - 	1989	(+2005)
Jiang Zemin 		1989 -	2002
Hu Jintao		2002 -   

De facto ruler
Deng Xiaoping 		1978 - 	1997 	(+1997)
Deng Xiaoping was the unquestionable paramount country leader and lately a senior influential person from 1977/1978 to his death in 1997. Nevertheless, he never held the nominal highest posts of the State, the Government, or the Party. When he exactly became and ceased to be the top leader is unclear; Deng stepped up his grip on power throughout 1977 as he was successively elected to hold high posts in the Party, the Executive (typically, second-ranking person in both structures) and the People's Army. The 3rd session of the XI Central Committee, from 18 to 22 Dec 1978, is commonly reported as the start of Deng's supreme and de facto leadership.
Premiers
Zhou Enlai 		1949 -  1976 	(+1976)
Hua Guofeng 		1976 - 	1980 
Zhao Ziyang		1980 - 	1987 	(+2005)
Li Peng			1987 - 	1998
Zhu Rongji		1998 - 	2003
Wen Jiabao 		2003 -              

Presidents
Presidents of the Republic
Mao Zedong     		1949 - 	1959 	(+1976) 
Liu Shaoqi 		1959 -	1968 	(+1969)
Dong Biwu     		1968 - 	1975 	(+1975)
Zhu De       		1975 - 	1976 	(+1976)  
Ye Jianying    		1978 - 	1983 	(+1986)  
Li Xiannian   		1983 - 	1988 	(+1992) 
Yang Shangkun  		1988 -	1993 	(+1998)
Jiang Zemin 		1993 -	2003
Hu Jintao    		2003 -   

From 6 Jul 1976 to 5 Mar 1978 the position remained vacant, which was between the death of Zhu De and the appointment of Ye Jianying. In the meantime, the 20 vice chairmen of the Standing Committee performed collectively the duties of the office.


CCP National Party Congresses 1945 - 2002

VII Congress, 1945
VIII Congress, 1956
IX Congress, 1969
X Congress, 1973
XI Congress, 1977
XII Congress, 1982
XIII Congress, 1987
XIV Congress, 1992
XV Congress, 1997
XVI Congress, 2002
XVII Congress, 2007


VII CCP Congress, 23 April to 11 June 1945
Chairman
Mao Zedong       

Standing Committee
Mao Zedong       
Zhu De           
Liu Shaoqi       
Zhou Enlai       
Ren Bishi        (+1950)
Chen Yun         

Political Bureau
Mao Zedong       
Zhu De           
Liu Shaoqi       
Zhou Enlai       
Ren Bishi        (+1950)
Chen Yun         
Kang Sheng       
Peng Zhen        
Dong Biwu        
Lin Boqv         
Zang Wentian     
Peng Dehuai      
Gao Gang         (+1955) (to 1955)
Lin Biao          	 (from 1955)
Deng Xiaoping    	 (from 1955)

VIII CCP Congress, 15 to 27 September 1956
Chairman
Mao Zedong        	 (to 1960)
Liu Shaoqi       (+1969) (1960-1965)
Mao Zedong        	 (from 1965)      

Standing Committee
Mao Zedong       	 (to 1960, returned 1965)
Liu Shaoqi       (+1969) (to 1968)
Zhou Enlai       
Zhu De           
Chen Yun         
Lin Biao         	 (from 1958)
Deng Xiaoping    	 (to 1967)
Tao Zhu          (+1969) (1966-1967)
Chen Boda        	 (from 1966)
Kang Sheng       	 (from 1966)
Li Fuchun        	 (from 1966)

Political Bureau
Mao Zedong       	 (to 1960, returned 1965)
Liu Shaoqi       (+1969) (to 1968)  
Zhou Enlai                   
Zhu De                       
Chen Yun                     
Lin Biao                  
Deng Xiaoping    	 (to 1967)  
Tao Zhu          (+1969) (1966-1967)
Peng Zhen        	 (to 1966)
Chen Yi          	 (to 1967)
Peng Dehuai      	 (to 1966)
Li Fuchun        
Lin Boqv         (+1960)           
Dong Biwu             
Liu Bocheng      
Luo Ronghuan     (+1963)
He Long          (+1969)
Li Xiannian      
Ke Qingshi       (+1965) (from 1958)
Li Jingquan      	 (from 1958)
Tan Zhenlin      	 (from 1958)
Chen Boda        	 (from 1966) 
Kang Sheng       	 (from 1966)
Xu Xiangqian     	 (from 1966) 
Nie Rongzhen     	 (from 1966)  
Ye Jianying      	 (from 1966)

IX CCP Congress, 1 to 24 April 1969
Chairman
Mao Zedong       

Standing Committee members
Mao Zedong       
Zhou Enlai       
Lin Biao         (+1971)
Chen Boda         
Kang Sheng       

Political Bureau members
Mao Zedong           
Zhou Enlai           
Lin Biao         (+1971)    
Chen Boda        
Kang Sheng       
Ye Qun           (+1971)    
Ye Jianying          
Liu Bocheng          
Huang Yongsheng      
Jiang Qing       
Zhu De           
Xu Shiyou        
Chen Xilian      
Li Xiannian      
Dong Biwu        
Li Zuopeng     
Wu Faxian     
Zhang Chunqiao
Qiu Huizuo   
Yao Wenyuan   
Xie Fuzhi         (+1972)

X CCP Congress, 24 to 28 August 1973
Chairman
Mao Zedong       (+1976)
Hua Guofeng      (from 1976)

Standing Committee
Mao Zedong       (+1976)
Zhou Enlai       (+1976)
Wang Hongwen     (to 1977)
Kang Sheng       (+1975)
Ye Jianying      
Li Desheng       (to 1975)
Zhu De           (+1976)
Zhang Chunqiao   (to 1977)
Dong Biwu        (+1975)

Political Bureau
Mao Zedong       (+1976)                                
Zhou Enlai       (+1976)
Wang Hongwen     	 (to 1977)                       
Kang Sheng       (+1975)
Ye Jianying                                       
Li Desheng               (to 1975) 
Zhu De           (+1976)                                 
Zhang Chunqiao           (to 1977)
Dong Biwu        (+1975)
Wei Guoqing                                       
Liu Bocheng                                       
Jiang Qing       	 (to 1977)                       
Xu Shiyou        
Hua Guofeng   
Ji Dengkui       
Wu De            
Wang Dongxing 
Chen Yonggui     
Chen Xilian      
Li Xiannian      
Yao Wenyuan              (to 1977)
Deng Xiaoping    	 (from 1973)

XI CCP Congress, 12 to 18 August 1977
Chairman
Hua Guofeng              (to 1981)
Hu Yaobang       	 (from 1981) 

Standing Committee
Hua Guofeng     
Ye Jianying      (+1986)
Deng Xiaoping    (+1997)
Li Xiannian      (+1992)
Wang Dongxing            (to 1980)
Chen Yun         (+1995) (from 1978)
Hu Yaobang       (+1989) (from 1980)
Zhao Ziyang              (from 1980)

Political Bureau
Hua Guofeng                
Ye Jianying      (+1986)
Deng Xiaoping    (+1997)
Li Xiannian      (+1992)
Wang Dongxing  
Geng Biao        (+2000)
Wei Guoqing      (+1989)
Su Zhenhua       (+1979)
Nie Rongzhen     (+1992)
Wu Lanfu         (+1988)
Ni Zhifu      
Fang Yi          (+1997)
Li Desheng     
Xu Xiangqian     (+1990)
Peng Chong 
Yu Qiuli         (+1999)       
Liu Bocheng      (+1986)             
Xu Shiyou        (+1985)
Zhang Tingfa  
Chen Yonggui     (+1986)       
Chen Xilian      (+1999) (to 1980)   
Wu De            (+1995) (to 1980)
Ji Dengkui       (+1988) (to 1980)  
Wang Zhen        (+1993) (from 1978)    
Chen Yun         (+1995) (from 1978)
Hu Yaobang       (+1989) (from 1978) 
Zhao Ziyang              (from 1979)  
Peng Zhen        (+1997) (from 1979

XII CCP Congress, 1 to 11 September 1982
General Secretary
Hu Yaobang       

Standing Committee members
Hu Yaobang        
Ye Jianying      (+1986) (to 1985)
Deng Xiaoping     
Zhao Ziyang    
Li Xiannian       
Chen Yun         

Political Bureau members
Hu Yaobang             
Ye Jianying      (+1986) (to 1985) 
Deng Xiaoping          
Zhao Ziyang   
Li Xiannian      
Chen Yun               
Wan Li               
Xi Zhongxun         
Fang Yi          
Yang Shangkun    
Peng Zhen        
Liao Chengzhi    (+1983)      
Yang Dezhi             
Yu Qiuli               
Hu Qiaomu              
Ni Zhifu          
Wang Zhen        	 (to 1985)
Wei Guoqing      	 (to 1985)  
Wu Lanfu         	 (to 1985)  
Deng Yingchao    	 (to 1985)  
Li Desheng               (to 1985)  
Song Renqiong            (to 1985)
Zhang Tingfa             (to 1985)  
Nie Rongzhen     	 (to 1985)
Xu Xiangqian     	 (to 1985)  
Tian Jiyun               (from 1985)  
Qiao Shi                 (from 1985)
Li Peng                  (from 1985)  
Wu Xueqian               (from 1985)  
Hu Qili                  (from 1985)
Yao Yilin        	 (from 1985)

XIII CCP Congress, 25 October to 1 November 1987
General Secretary
Zhao Ziyang              (to 1989)
Jiang Zemin              (from 1989)

Standing Committee
Zhao Ziyang              (to 1989)
Li Peng  
Qiao Shi 
Hu Qili                  (to 1989)
Yao Yilin        
Jiang Zemin              (from 1989) 
Song Ping                (from 1989)
Li Ruihuan               (from 1989)

Political Bureau
Zhao Ziyang              (to 1989)
Li Peng        
Qiao Shi       
Hu Qili                  (to 1989)
Yao Yilin        
Jiang Zemin
Song Ping 
Li Ruihuan             
Hu Yaobang       (+1989)
Yang Shangkun    (   
Wan Li         
Li Tieying
Tian Jiyun     
Li Ximing              
Yang Rudai             
Qin Jiwei        
Wu Xueqian

XIV CCP Congress, 12 to 18 October 1992
General Secretary
Jiang Zemin

Standing Committee members
Jiang Zemin 
Li Peng 
Qiao Shi
Li Ruihuan
Zhu Rongji 
Liu Huaqing
Hu Jintao

Political Bureau members
Jiang Zemin
Li Peng
Qiao Shi
Li Ruihuan
Zhu Rongji
Liu Huaqing
Hu Jintao
Ding Guangen 
Tian Jiyun
Li Lanqing
Li Tieying
Yang Baibing
Wu Bangguo
Zou Jiahua
Chen Xitong      (to 1995) 
Jiang Chunyun
Qian Qichen
Wei Jianxing
Xie Fei          
Tan Shaowen      (+1993)
Huang Ju         (from 1994)

XV CCP Congress, 12 to 18 September 1997
General Secretary
Jiang Zemin 

Standing Committee members
Jiang Zemin
Li Peng
Zhu Rongji
Li Ruihuan
Hu Jintao
Wei Jianxing
Li Lanqing

Political Bureau members
Jiang Zemin
Li Peng
Zhu Rongji
Li Ruihuan
Hu Jintao
Wei Jianxing
Li Lanqing
Ding Guangen 
Tian Jiyun
Li Changchun
Li Tieying
Wu Bangguo
Wu Guanzheng
Chi Haotian
Zhang Wannian 
Luo Gan
Jiang Chunyun
Jia Qinglin
Qian Qichen
Huang Ju
Wen Jiabao
Xie Fei          (+1999)

XVI CCP Congress, 8 to 14 November 2002
General Secretary
Hu Jintao

Standing Committee members
Hu Jintao
Wu Bangguo
Wen Jiabao
Jia Qinglin
Zeng Qinghong
Huang Ju
Wu Guanzheng
Li Changchun
Luo Gan

Political Bureau members
Hu Jintao
Wu Bangguo
Wen Jiabao
Jia Qinglin
Zeng Qinghong
Huang Ju
Wu Guanzheng
Li Changchun 
Luo Gan
Zeng Peiyan
Cao Gangchuan
Guo Boxiong
He Guoqiang
Yu Zhengsheng
Zhou Yongkang 
Chen Liangyu
Zhang Dejiang
Zhang Lichang
Liu Yunshan
Wu Yi
Liu Qi
Wang Zhaoguo
Wang Lequan 
Hui Liangyu

XVII CPC Congress, 15 to 21 October 2007
General Secretary
Hu Jintao

Standing Committee members
Hu Jintao
Wu Bangguo 
Wen Jiabao 
Jia Qinglin
Li Changchun 
Xi Jinping
Li Keqiang 
He Guoqiang 
Zhou Yongkang

Political Bureau members
Hu Jintao
Wu Bangguo 
Wen Jiabao 
Jia Qinglin
Li Changchun 
Xi Jinping
Li Keqiang 
He Guoqiang 
Zhou Yongkang
Wang Gang
Wang Lequan
Wang Zhaoguo
Wang Qishan
Hui Liangyu
Liu Qi
Liu Yunshan
Liu Yandong
Li Yuanchao
Wang Yang
Zhang Gaoli
Zhang Dejiang
Yu Zhengsheng
Xu Caihou
Guo Boxiong
Bo Xilai
 
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